COVID-19 Business Outlook Survey

In spring 2020, we fielded a COVID-19 impact and economic outlook survey to help inform DSA policy and advocacy efforts. Survey results will enhance our collective understanding of COVID-19’s impact on Seattle industries and perspectives on reopening our economy. The survey was administered through Survey Monkey from May 13–22 and received 323 responses from at least 294 unique businesses. These represent a broad cross-section of both large and small Seattle businesses, most with downtown locations. Many of the respondents are in industries or business categories highly impacted by efforts to curb the spread of COVID-19, such as arts and entertainment, retail, restaurants, massage therapy, tourist attractions, nonprofits and social services.

Explore the findings in the summary and charts below. You can also access a written description of the findings here.



  • The biggest concern (cited by 74% of respondents) is lost business.
  • Nearly all (90% of respondents) have seen a reduction in revenue.
    • Nearly half have seen revenues decrease by more than 75%.
  • Slightly more than one in 10 said they were at risk of permanent closure in less than two months at the current level of disruption. A little more than a third are at risk of closing in less than five months. Nearly one-third were not concerned about business closure.
  • Most layoffs are expected to be temporary, but about one in five are expected to be permanent.
  • After the lifting of social distancing rules, half of all companies:
    • Expect the majority of their workforce to be back at their work sites in three months
    • Expect their organization to stabilize within six months
    • Expect to be profitable within eight months
  • Most think that it will take more than a year for the Seattle economy to recover.

Respondent Profile

Respondents represent 294 Seattle businesses:

  • 77% have locations downtown
  • 69% are brick-and-mortar businesses
  • Eight out of 10 have been in operation for at least 10 years
  • 58% have fewer than 25 employees
  • A large share represent industries heavily impacted by COVID-19